Bahain, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris)Bahain, J.-J., Falgueres, C., Laurent, M., Voinchet, P., Dolo, J.-M., Antoine, P., and Tuffreau, A. ESR chronology of the Somme River Terrace system and first human settlements in Northern France. Voinchet, P., Despriée, J., Tissoux, H., Falguères, C., Bahain, J. Voinchet Pierre, Bahain Jean Jacques, Falguères Christophe, Laurent Michel, Dolo Jean Michel, Despriée Jackie, Gageonnet Robert, Chaussé Christine.There are a number of long-lived radioactive isotopes used in radiometric dating, and a variety of ways they are used to determine the ages of rocks, minerals, and organic materials.Some of the isotopic parents, end-product daughters, and half-lives involved are listed in Table 1.Radiometric dating is based on the decay of long-lived radioactive isotopes that occur naturally in rocks and minerals.These parent isotopes decay to stable daughter isotopes at rates that can be measured experimentally and are effectively constant over time regardless of physical or chemical conditions.
But it was not until the late 1950s that all the pieces were in place; by then the phenomenon of radioactivity was understood, most of the naturally occurring isotopes had been identified and their abundance determined, instrumentation of the necessary sensitivity had been developed, isotopic tracers were available in the required quantities and purity, and the half-lives of the long-lived radioactive isotopes were reasonably well known.
By the early 1960s, most of the major radiometric dating techniques now in use had been tested and their general limitations were known.
No technique, of course, is ever completely perfected and refinement continues to this day, but for more than two decades radiometric dating methods have been used to measure reliably the ages of rocks, the Earth, meteorites, and, since 1969, the Moon.
he question of the ages of the Earth and its rock formations and features has fascinated philosophers, theologians, and scientists for centuries, primarily because the answers put our lives in temporal perspective.
Until the 18th century, this question was principally in the hands of theologians, who based their calculations on biblical chronology.OSL measurements for palaeodoses estimation used fine-grained quartz samples extracted from loess.